Síntesis informativa - 9 de noviembre 2018


U.S. and China Are Playing ‘Game of Chicken’ in South China Sea

HONOLULU — From a distance, the Chinese warship warned the American destroyer that it was on a “dangerous course” in the South China Sea. Then it raced up alongside, getting perilously close. For a few tense minutes, a collision seemed imminent.

The American vessel, the Decatur, blasted its whistle. The Chinese took no notice. Instead, the crew prepared to throw overboard large, shock-absorbing fenders to protect their ship. They were “trying to push us out of the way,” one of the American sailors said.

Only a sharp starboard turn by the Decatur avoided a disaster in the calm equatorial waters that early morning in September — one that could have badly damaged both vessels, killed members of both crews and thrust two nuclear powers into an international crisis, according to a senior American official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to describe the encounter in detail.

The ships came within 45 yards of each other, marking the closest call yetas the United States Navy contests China’s military buildup in the South China Sea. The Sept. 30 encounter signaled what American commanders fear is a perilous new phase in confrontations in the disputed waterway, which are unfolding without even a Cold War-style agreement on basic rules of conduct aimed at preventing escalation.


Afghan War Casualty Report: Nov. 02-08

The following reports compile all significant security incidents confirmed by New York Times reporters and stringers throughout Afghanistan. It is necessarily incomplete as many local officials refuse to confirm casualty information.

In the past week, the Times confirmed that 118 members of the security forces were killed, a significant increase over the previous week, but, unusually, there were no confirmed deaths of civilians. Fighting spread to nine provinces, but the emphasis shifted to the south as cold weather intensified in the north. An entire battalion of Afghan border soldiers was wiped out in western Farah Province, and the Taliban tried — unsuccessfully so far — to take over Jaghori District in Ghazni, an anti-insurgent stronghold.


Caravan Walks Quietly On, U.S. Opposition a Distant Rumble

SAN PEDRO TAPANATEPEC, Mexico — The migrants, nearly asleep on their feet, waited in the predawn darkness for the trucks that would take them to the next stop in their long, unpredictable migration to the United States.

Hundreds of them were clogging the streets around the central plaza of San Pedro Tapanatepec, where they had spent two torrid days and two sleepless nights. At about 3:45 a.m., the trucks, on loan to the Catholic Church, finally appeared.

The crowd surged toward the hulking flatbeds, jostling with baby strollers and backpacks, the trucks’ taillights casting a reddish glow on faces loaded with exhaustion and worry.


At China’s Internet Conference, a Darker Side of Tech Emerges

WUZHEN, China — Every year at the World Internet Conference, held since 2014 in the photogenic canal town of Wuzhen near Shanghai, companies and government officials have convened to send a message: China is a high-tech force to be reckoned with.

With that message now settled beyond much doubt, this year’s conference showcased something different. China’s tech industry is becoming more serious about grappling with its products’ unintended consequences — and about helping the government.

Discussions of technology’s promise were leavened with contemplation of its darker side effects, such as fraud and data breaches. A forum on protecting personal information featured representatives from China’s highest prosecutor and its powerful internet regulator. And several tech companies pledged their support for Beijing’s counterterrorism efforts, even as China faces international criticism for detaining and indoctrinating Muslims in the name of fighting terrorism in the western region of Xinjiang.



Trump to set out details of new restrictions on asylum seekers

The new regulation declares that people can apply for asylum along the US-Mexican border only at official ports of entry.The Trump administration has a track record of proclaiming illegal immigration restrictions that are later thrown out in court, beginning with multiple travel bans the White House attempted to impose shortly after Trump’s inauguration. A narrow and temporary version of Trump’s travel ban was allowed to take effect.


Trump to fly to Paris but will miss Macron peace forum

White House officials said the president’s tight schedule gave time for only one bilateral meeting, with Macron. The two leaders are expected to discuss Syria, Iran and Yemen as well as the future of transatlantic trade. One of the consequences of the congressional elections is to strengthen the hand of protectionists in both parties.


Caravan forces Mexico to confront mixed feelings on migration

As caravans of Central American migrants wind their way through Mexico’s poorest regions, local people of modest means have headed to the highway with plates of food, plastic bags filled with water and donations of spare clothes.

Meanwhile, more affluent Mexicans have complained on social media about the foreigners from poorer countries, often in terms similar to those used by US rightwingers.


World's first AI news anchor unveiled in China

China’s state news agency Xinhua this week introduced the newest members of its newsroom: AI anchors who will report “tirelessly” all day every day, from anywhere in the country.

Chinese viewers were greeted with a digital version of a regular Xinhua news anchor named Qiu Hao. The anchor, wearing a red tie and pin-striped suit, nods his head in emphasis, blinking and raising his eyebrows slightly.



Somalia: Mogadishu 'rocked by blasts, gunfire'

Powerful explosion is followed by heavy gunfire and second blast, witness tells Reuters news agency.

Two loud explosions and heavy gunfire has been heard in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, according to an Al Jazeera correspondent.


Thousands demand Mueller protection after Trump fires Sessions

Critics fear the US president is paving way to disrupt probe into Russian interference in 2016 presidential election.

Shafik Mandhai

Sessions' interim replacement, his former chief of staff, Whitaker, has publicly criticised the Mueller probe for going beyond its remit. That has convinced many opponents of Trump that the president has Mueller in his crosshairs.

With control of the lower house of Congress, the Democrats have the power to order their own investigation into Trump's dealings with the Russians and other foreign governments.

Lucas (Professor University of Birmingham) further explained that while the Democrats will have a majority in the House, they will remain a minority in the upper house of Congress, the Senate, and would likely have to convince at least some Republicans to join them.


US court halts construction of Keystone XL oil pipeline

It comes as a setback to President Trump who had reversed the Obama administration's decision to reject the project.

Trump granted a permit that allowed energy firm TransCanada to build the controversial Keystone XL pipeline shortly after taking office. He said it would create jobs and spur development of infrastructure.

The administration overturned a ruling by the previous Barack Obama administration in 2015 that denied a permit for the pipeline, largely on environmental grounds.

The project will duplicate an existing 1,150km pipeline, allowing it to ship up to 890,000 barrels of oil a day from landlocked Alberta to the Pacific coast of neighbouring British Columbia, in western Canada, for export overseas.

Indigenous leaders, who have been at the forefront of a grassroots campaign against the Trans Mountain project, have vowed that the pipeline "will never be built".


US 'war on terror' has killed over half a million people: study

Between 480,000-507,000 people were killed in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq in the wake of 9/11 attacks, study says.

The report, which was published on Saturday by the Brown University's Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, put the death toll between 480,000 and 507,000.

The report states that between 182,272 and 204,575 civilians have been killed in Iraq; 38,480 in Afghanistan; and 23,372 in Pakistan. Nearly 7,000 US troops were killed in Iraq and Afghanistan in the same period.



May and Macron told to strengthen NATO alliance to counter ‘unpredictability’ of Trump

The UK and France must urgently deepen their military alliance through intergovernmental organizations such as NATO, to guard against the ‘unpredictability’ of US President Donald Trump, a former British NATO chief has warned.

Former Labour defense secretary Lord Robertson, who was NATO’s Secretary General from 1999 and 2004, along with ex-French Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve, have released a report claiming the UK and France’s relationship has never appeared more perilous, due to risks surrounding Brexit and current US foreign policy, led by Trump.

The report urges British and French intelligence agencies to work together on a greater scale, and for the NATO allies to share military facilities, and push for concessions to be made on Brexit talks between the UK and EU, to strengthen ties.


‘It’s a disgrace’: Trump blasts judge’s decision to block Keystone XL pipeline

A federal judge in Montana has issued an injunction once again halting construction of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline, saying that President Trump had “simply discarded” the environmental impact the pipeline would have.

In a 54-page order issued late Thursday, Judge Morris alleges the US Department of State committed multiple violations when it approved the construction of the $8 billion, 1,900-kilometer pipeline in 2017. The project has been embroiled in legal battles for over a decade amid challenges from both Native Americans and environmentalists.

The pipeline was rejected by John Kerry under the Obama administration two years earlier, citing environmental concerns. However, in one of the first of many executive orders signed throughout his presidency, Donald Trump overturned the decision in 2017, arguing that construction would create thousands of jobs.

TransCanada Corp’s nearly 1,200-mile pipeline has become one of the major battlegrounds in the climate change debate and, if completed, would carry an estimated 800,000 barrels per day from Canada’s tar sands pits to Gulf Coast refineries in the US.


Trump signs order denying asylum to illegal migrants, as caravan approaches US

President Trump has signed an immigration order requiring asylum seekers to make their claim at their point of entry to the US, and barring illegal immigrants from requesting asylum.

“We need people in our country but they have to come in legally and they have to have merit,” Trump told reporters on Friday, before departing for Paris.

The order comes after weeks of Trump promising to crack down on illegal immigration, as a caravan of several thousand migrants makes its way toward the US’ southern border from Central America. The caravan is currently around 600 miles from the United States. The directive is a temporary measure, and circumvents current laws that state anyone who applies for asylum in the US is eligible to have their case heard, no matter whether they arrived legally or illegally. As such, it is likely to be challenged in federal courts.



Venezuela denuncia acciones de paramilitares en línea fronteriza con Colombia

8 de noviembre

Durante la inauguración de la XIV Feria Internacional del Libro Filven-2018 en la Casa Amarilla (sede de la cancillería), el mandatario precisó que las fronteras de los estados de Zulia, Táchira, Apure y Amazonas resultaron afectadas por acciones violetas de paramilitares colombianos.


Libios celebrarán elecciones entre marzo y mayo de 2019

8 de noviembre. Más del 80% de los ciudadanos de Libia quieren celebrar elecciones en el país, ya que no les gusta el Gobierno y la situación actual. El próximo proceso electoral debe realizarse entre marzo y mayo de 2019, comunicó el enviado especial de la ONU para Libia, Ghassan Salamé.



Reunión del ALBA: el bloque denuncia a EEUU por resucitar la doctrina Monroe

Buscar un destino propio, independiente y soberano es el compromiso reiterado por los participantes de la XVII reunión del Consejo Político del ALBA-TCP que sesionó este jueves en Managua.

El secretario general de la Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América-Tratado de Comercio de los Pueblos, David Choquehuanca, de Bolivia, leyó la declaratoria final del encuentro, en la que también fue reafirmada la necesidad de fortalecer la unidad en la diversidad de la región a través de la concertación política, la integración, así como la defensa de la soberanía y de libre determinación sobre las bases de los principios de la proclama de América Latina y el Caribe como zona de paz, aprobada en la cumbre de la Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños (Celac) en 2014 en La Habana.


Cuba: Díaz-Canel rinde honores a Mao Zedong y a los Héroes del Pueblo chino en la Plaza Tiananmén 

El presidente de Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel, rindió hoy honores ante los monumentos de Mao Zedong, fundador de China como República Popular en 1949, y de los Héroes del Pueblo durante la jornada final de su visita a Beijing.

Díaz-Canel recorrió y presentó sus respetos en el mausoleo del fallecido líder del Partido Comunista de China y en el sitio dedicado a los mártires que acoge la emblemática plaza Tiananmén .


Borrell lamenta la escasa presión internacional sobre la “dictadura” nicaragüense

El ministro de Asuntos Exteriores, Josep Borrell, ha lamentado este viernes la falta de presión internacional sobre el régimen nicaragüense, al que ha calificado de “dictadura”, tras criticar la “sanguinaria represión” de las protestas entre abril y julio pasado, que dejaron cientos de muertos.

Tras reconocer que la situación de Nicaragua “nos preocupa y nos ocupa”, Borrell ha recordado que el Gobierno español, como la Unión Europea, expresó su “absoluto rechazo” a la actuación del Gobierno de Daniel Ortega y así se lo trasladó a su homólogo nicaragüense, Denis Moncada.


Límites para el aliado de Macri en el FMI

Ni América latina ni la Argentina fueron temas de la pelea legislativa en los Estados Unidos. Los resultados son de lectura indirecta y ningún analista local arriesga pronósticos más allá de una constatación doble. Por un lado, perdió la mayoría en la Cámara de Representantes (diputados) el presidente que impulsó en el Fondo Monetario Internacional el acuerdo con la Argentina. Por otro lado ese presidente, Donald Trump, consolidó el control republicano del Senado.


Seguir hacia EE. UU. o quedarse en México, el dilema de los migrantes

Miles de migrantes centroamericanos aguardaron este miércoles en un estadio en el este de Ciudad de México, donde afrontan el dilema de pedir refugio ante las autoridades mexicanas o arriesgarse a llegar hasta la frontera estadounidense, donde el Gobierno de Donald Trump les quiere denegar la entrada.

Más de 5.000 personas, en su mayoría hondureñas, han ido llegando desde el pasado domingo a la capital mexicana, donde son ubicadas en carpas y tiendas de campaña en el complejo deportivo Magdalena Mixhuca, se les brinda alimentación, asistencia sanitaria y asesoramiento jurídico. 


Prohibirán solicitud de asilo a migrantes ilegales en EU

El gobierno estadunidense anunció este jueves que va a prohibir pedir asilo a los migrantes que entren de manera ilegal al país, la última de una serie de polémicas iniciativas lanzadas por el presidente Donald Trump contra la inmigración, que está orientada hacia la frontera con México.

Concretamente esta decisión implica que si los migrantes que no llegan a Estados Unidos por un puerto de entrada autorizado, van a tener vetado el asilo, en un momento en que Trump ha denunciado como una "invasión" una caravana de migrantes centroamericanos que avanzan hacia el Norte