Sintesis informativa - 11 de octubre 2018

THE NEW YORK TIMES

Khashoggi’s Disappearance Puts Kushner’s Bet on Saudi Crown Prince at Risk

WASHINGTON — For President Trump, who has made Saudi Arabia the fulcrum of his Middle East policy, the possible murder of a Saudi journalist in Turkey is a looming diplomatic crisis. For Mr. Trump’s son-in-law, Jared Kushner, it is a personal reckoning.

More than anyone in the Trump administration, Mr. Kushner has cultivated Saudi Arabia’s crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman — whose family may have played a role in the disappearance of the journalist, Jamal Khashoggi — elevating the prince into a key ally in the Arab world and the White House’s primary interlocutor to the kingdom.

Mr. Kushner championed Prince Mohammed, 33, when the prince was jockeying to be his father’s heir; had dinner with him in Washington and Riyadh, the Saudi capital; promoted a $110 billion weapons sale to his military; and once even hoped that the future king would put a Saudi stamp of approval on his Israeli-Palestinian peace plan.

While the fate of Mr. Khashoggi, a resident of Virginia and a columnist for The Washington Post, remains unclear, allegations that he was killed on the orders of the royal court have thrown Mr. Kushner’s grand bet on Prince Mohammed into doubt.

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/10/us/politics/jamal-khashoggi-disappearance-kushner.html

Chinese Officer Is Extradited to U.S. to Face Charges of Economic Espionage

WASHINGTON — A Chinese intelligence official was arrested in Belgium and extradited to the United States to face espionage charges, Justice Department officials said on Wednesday, a major escalation of the Trump administration’s effort to crack down on Chinese spying.

The extradition on Tuesday of the officer, Yanjun Xu, a deputy division director in China’s main spy agency, the Ministry of State Security, is the first time that a Chinese intelligence official has been brought to the United States to be prosecuted and tried in open court. Law enforcement officials said that Mr. Xu tried to steal trade secrets from companies including GE Aviation outside Cincinnati, in Evendale, Ohio, one of the world’s top jet engine suppliers for commercial and military aircraft.

A 16-page indictment details what appears to be a dramatic international sting operation to lure Mr. Xu to what he believed was a meeting in Belgium to obtain proprietary information about jet fan blade designs from a GE Aviation employee, only to be met by Belgian authorities and put on a plane to the United States.

China has for years used spycraft and cyberattacks to steal American corporate, academic and military information to bolster its growing economic power and political influence. But apprehending an accused Chinese spy — all others charged by the United States government are still at large — is an extraordinary development and a sign of the Trump administration’s continued crackdown on the Chinese theft of trade secrets.

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/10/us/politics/china-spy-espionage-arrest.html?rref=collection%2Fsectioncollection%2Fworld

Pakistan Seeks I.M.F. Bailout as Government Sends Mixed Messages

NEW DELHI — After Pakistan’s government signaled that it would seek a bailout from the International Monetary Fund, Prime Minister Imran Khan this week did the exact opposite of the austerity measures the global body is demanding: He inaugurated a public-housing project to deliver five million homes.

That tension — between Mr. Khan’s campaign promises to build the social welfare state and the prescriptions to help set Pakistan’s devastated economy right — is leaving investors at home and internationally guessing about the policies he truly intends to pursue. But investors typically detest such uncertainty and responded this week by offloading the Pakistani rupee, which hit a historic low, while hammering the stock market with a sell-off, wiping $2 billion off the index’s value.

There is only more uncertainty ahead. On Thursday, the Pakistani government formally began the process of seeking an I.M.F. bailout worth up to $12 billion. But analysts say the country’s financing gap may be as high as $20 billion, leaving investors worried that the government may not ask the fund for a robust-enough package while continuing to ask China and Saudi Arabia for more loans, after taking several billions of dollars worth of loans from Beijing this year alone.

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/11/world/asia/pakistan-imf-bailout-imran-khan.html?rref=collection%2Fsectioncollection%2Fworld

South Korea Backtracks on Easing Sanctions After Trump Comment

SEOUL, South Korea — South Korea moved to patch up an emerging diplomatic row with the United States on Thursday, disowning any plan to lift sanctions against North Korea after President Trump’s blunt remark that Seoul could “do nothing” without Washington’s “approval.”

Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha of South Korea said on Wednesday that government agencies were discussing lifting a broad trade and investment embargo that Seoul imposed on the North in 2010, a statement that came despite Washington’s efforts to keep the economic noose on Pyongyang until it denuclearizes.

The minister’s comment alarmed conservative South Koreans, who accused the government of undermining their country’s alliance with the United States, which has led the effort to impose United Nations sanctions on North Korea.

Ms. Kang’s remarks also risked antagonizing the Trump administration, which considers the sanctions its most potent leverage against the North. South Korea’s indication that it might break ranks came just as Washington was criticizing Beijing and Moscow for undermining sanctions enforcement.

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/11/world/asia/south-korea-north-sanctions-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fsectioncollection%2Fworld

Rocket Fails, and American and Russian Astronauts Make Emergency Return

A rocket carrying an American and a Russian astronaut failed minutes after liftoff Thursday morning, but the two crew members safely made an emergency return to Earth, the space agencies of both countries said.

The capsule had parachuted to Earth about 12 to 15 miles outside Zhezqazghan, a small city in central Kazakhstan, and neither of the crew members was injured, the Russian news agency Interfax reported.

An Antonov-12 transport plane was dispatched to drop a rescue team at the site, where helicopters were expected to pick up the astronauts, Interfax said.

Trouble was reported eight minutes after the Russian Soyuz rocket liftoff, when NASA tweeted, “There’s been an issue with the booster from today’s launch.”

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/11/science/soyuz-rocket.html?action=click&module=In%20Other%20News&pgtype=Homepage&action=click&module=Latest&pgtype=Homepage


THE GUARDIAN

World stock markets dive as Trump attacks 'crazy' US rate hikes

A jittery, volatile week on global financial markets has burst into a frenzy of selling, triggered by heavy losses on Wall Street and comments by Donald Trump describing US interest rate rises as “crazy”.

The rout was triggered by a fall of more than 800 points in the Dow Jones industrial average on Wall Street on Wednesday. The Dow and the S&P 500 each lost more than 3% – the worst drop in eight months, led by sharp declines in technology stocks. The tech-heavy Nasdaq tumbled by just over 4%

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/oct/11/asian-stock-markets-dive-as-trump-attacks-crazy-us-rate-hikes

The new Venezuela? Brazil populist Bolsonaro's scare tactic gains traction

Before he was frontrunner to become Brazil’s next president, Jair Bolsonaro tried his hand at film-making. The picture? A 26-minute polemic posted on YouTube called Venezuela: An Alert for Brazil.The plot? A dastardly communist conspiracy to seize control of Latin America’s largest democracy and turn it into a Bolivarian inferno of savagery and destitution.

Hardly an interview or public declaration now goes by without Bolsonaro name-dropping Brazil’s crisis-stricken South American neighbour.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/11/brazil-venezuela-jair-bolsonaro-workers-party

China 'legalises' internment camps for million Uighurs

Amid sustained international criticism, Chinese authorities have revised legislation to allow the regional government to officially permit the use of “education and training centres” to incarcerate “people influenced by extremism”.

Chinese authorities deny that the internment camps exist but say petty criminals are sent to vocational “training centres”. Former detainees say they were forced to denounce Islam and profess loyalty to the Communist party in what they describe as political indoctrination camps.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/11/china-legalises-internment-camps-for-million-uighurs

Amazon ditched AI recruiting tool that favored men for technical jobs

Automation has been key to Amazon’s e-commerce dominance, be it inside warehouses or driving pricing decisions. The company’s experimental hiring tool used artificial intelligence to give job candidates scores ranging from one to five stars – much as shoppers rate products on Amazon, some of the people said

In effect, Amazon’s system taught itself that male candidates were preferable. It penalized résumés that included the word “women’s”, as in “women’s chess club captain”. And it downgraded graduates of two all-women’s colleges, according to people familiar with the matter.

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/oct/10/amazon-hiring-ai-gender-bias-recruiting-engine


DEUTSCHE WELLE

China's Xinjiang region legalizes Muslim internment camps
China's regional government in Xinjiang has amended its laws to effectively legalize internment camps targeting Muslim minorities. Some 1 million Muslims are currently thought to be held in such centers.

Chinese authorities in the far-northwestern region of Xinjiang on Wednesday revised legislation to permit the use of "education and training centers" to combat religious extremism.
https://www.dw.com/en/chinas-xinjiang-region-legalizes-muslim-internment-camps/a-45837413

Iran summons German envoy over 'bomb plot' diplomat's extradition
Iran has summoned Germany's ambassador to Tehran after a German court agreed to transfer an Iranian diplomat to Belgium. The diplomat has been charged with orchestrating a failed bomb plot at a Paris rally in June.
https://www.dw.com/en/iran-summons-german-envoy-over-bomb-plot-diplomats-extradition/a-45836609


XINHUA

Rusia está lista para ampliar tratado de reducción de armas nucleares con EEUU, dice diplomático

MOSCU, 10 oct (Xinhua) -- Moscú está listo para ampliar otros cinco años el Nuevo Tratado de Reducción de Armas Estratégicas (Nuevo START) entre Rusia y Estados Unidos, siempre y cuando Washington y sus socios estén dispuestos a apegarse a él, dijo un importante diplomático ruso.

Vladimir Yermakov, director del Departamento de No Proliferación y Control de Armas del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores ruso, hizo la declaración durante la reunión del martes del Primer Comité de la Asamblea General de la ONU en Nueva York, se indicó en una transcripción publicada hoy por el ministerio.

http://spanish.xinhuanet.com/2018-10/11/c_137524718.htm

Premier chino llega a Tayikistán para asistir a reunión de OCS y realizar visita oficial

DUSHAMBE, 11 oct (Xinhua) -- El primer ministro chino, Li Keqiang, llegó este jueves a la capital tayika de Dushambé para asistir a una reunión anual de jefes de gobierno de los Estados miembros de la Organización de Cooperación de Shanghai (OCS) y realizar una visita oficial a Tayikistán.

Durante la 17ª reunión del Consejo de Jefes de Gobierno de los países de la OCS, Li discutirá con otros líderes sobre un amplio abanico de temas, como la profundización de los esfuerzos conjuntos para construir la Franja y la Ruta y la intensificación de la cooperación en campos como el comercio, la conectividad y los intercambios entre pueblos, con el objetivo de aumentar cooperación práctica de la OCS en todas las áreas.

http://spanish.xinhuanet.com/2018-10/11/c_137525890.htm

Israel empieza construcción de nuevas unidades de asentamientos en Cisjordania

RAMALA, 10 oct (Xinhua) -- Funcionarios palestinos dijeron hoy que las autoridades israelíes han empezado la construcción de nuevas unidades de asentamientos cerca de la ciudad de Belén en Cisjordania.

Naim Shueair, jefe de la aldea Al-Zawiya en el norte de Cisjordania, dijo a la agencia oficial de noticias palestina WAFA que el ejército israelí les informó sobre la confiscación de 3,2 hectáreas del territorio de la aldea para propósitos militares.

El ejército ya había decomisado hace dos meses entre 56 y 71 hectáreas de territorio de la aldea para establecer un nuevo cementerio para los asentamientos judíos cercanos, indicó Shueair.

http://spanish.xinhuanet.com/2018-10/11/c_137524087.htm

Erdogan pide a países africanos usar monedas locales en negocios con Turquía

ESTAMBUL, 10 oct (Xinhua) -- El presidente de Turquía, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, pidió hoy a los países africanos utilizar monedas locales para el comercio y los negocios con Turquía.

El líder turco ha acusado en repetidas ocasiones a fuerzas extranjeras del llamado "ataque económico" que enfrenta Turquía, incluyendo una rápida caída del valor de la lira turca.

http://spanish.xinhuanet.com/2018-10/11/c_137524635.htm


AMERICA LATINA

Macri echa atrás cobro adicional a tarifa de gas en Argentina

El gobierno del presidente argentino, Mauricio Macri debió retroceder en el intento de que los usuarios pagaran una tarifa adicional de gas como “compensación” para las empresas petroleras por supuestas pérdidas debido a la devaluación del peso, lo que provocó no sólo demandas judiciales contra el secretario de Energía, Javier Iguacel, sino una verdadera rebelión a nivel popular y una decisión de rechazar esta medida por toda la oposición en el Congreso, incluyendo a sectores de la Unión Cívica Radical, que integra la alianza gobernante de Cambiemos.

http://www.jornada.com.mx/ultimas/2018/10/10/macri-echa-atras-cobro-adicional-a-tarifa-de-gas-en-argentina-1364.html

Díaz-Canel, primer presidente de Cuba en tuitear

El presidente cubano, Miguel Díaz-Canel, se convirtió hoy en el primer mandatario de la isla que tuitea, lo que fue interpretado como una señal de querer ponerle un sello personal a su gestión de Gobierno. La cuenta con el nombre de usuario @DiazCanelB logró en su primera hora más de mil seguidores, aunque él mismo por el momento no sigue a ningún tuitero.

La aparición en la red social significa una novedad en la política socialista cubana, acostumbrada a tardíos comunicados oficiales, si bien en su perfil el mandatario cubano se declara continuista al expresar su compromiso "con las ideas martianas de Fidel y Raúl (Castro)".  Su incursión en Twitter fue una promesa que hizo Díaz-Canel el pasado julio durante la clausura del congreso de la Unión de Periodistas.

http://www.jornada.com.mx/ultimas/2018/10/10/macri-echa-atras-cobro-adicional-a-tarifa-de-gas-en-argentina-1364.html

Keiko Fujimori, presa

Otro miembro del clan Fujimori va a prisión. Un juez ordenó la detención preliminar de Keiko, hija y heredera política del ex dictador Alberto Fujimori, condenado por crímenes de lesa humanidad y corrupción. La decisión fue tomada en el marco de una investigación fiscal por lavado de dinero para encubrir aportes ilegales de campaña electoral relacionados con la cuestionada constructora brasileña Odebrecht. 

https://www.pagina12.com.ar/147986-keiko-fujimori-presa

'Cerca de 500 presos políticos tendría el Gobierno de Nicaragua': ONG

Gonzalo Carrión, asesor legal del Centro Nicaraguense de Derechos Humanos (Cenidh), denunció este miércoles un aumento de los "presos políticos" en las últimas semanas en Nicaragua, en el marco de la crisis que vive el país desde el pasado 18 de abril que iniciaron las protestas en contra del presidente Daniel Ortega y su esposa, la vicepresidenta Rosario Murillo.

https://www.eltiempo.com/mundo/latinoamerica/cuantos-presos-politicos-hay-en-nicaragua-279658

La retórica incendiaria se torna en violencia en Brasil

El odio que se incrustó en la disputa electoral brasileña produjo al menos una muerte pocas horas después de que 147 millones de brasileños se dirigieran a las urnas el pasado domingo. El maestro de capoeira Romoaldo Rosário da Costa, más conocido como Moa do Katendê, de 63 años, fue asesinado de 12 cuchilladas en la madrugada del lunes en un bar de Salvador. El autor del crimen, Paulo Sérgio Ferreira de Santana, de 36 años, le dijo a la policía que su motivación fue política.

https://elpais.com/internacional/2018/10/11/america/1539210305_126861.html

Estudiantes universitarios se movilizaron en rechazo al plan económico de Lenín Moreno

Colectivos estudiantiles universitarios se dieron cita en las afueras de la Universidad Central del Ecuador, en la ciudad de Quito, para protestar contra el plan económico que lleva adelante el Gobierno Nacional. Según los dirigentes de la Federación Nacional de Estudiantes (FEUE), las nuevas medidas económicas causaran una reducción a la inversión en educación.

A partir de las 10:00 am del día de ayer, 10 de octubre, dirigentes de la Federación Nacional de Estudiantes Universitarios (FEUE), convocaron a estudiantes de las diferentes entidades de educación superior del país a un plantón en contra de las reformas económicas que ha implementado el Gobierno de Lenín Moreno.

https://www.nodal.am/2018/10/estudiantes-universitarios-se-movilizaron-en-rechazo-al-plan-economico-de-lenin-moreno/